Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs, which includes (among many others) the fruits plumscherriespeachesnectarinesapricots, and almonds.

Native to the North American temperate regions, the neotropics of South America, and the paleotropics of Asia and Africa,[2] 430 different species are classified under Prunus.[3] Many members of the genus are widely cultivated for their fruit and for decorative purposes. Prunus fruit are drupes, or stone fruits. The fleshy mesocarp surrounding the endocarp is edible while the endocarp itself forms a hard, inedible shell called the pyrena (“stone” or “pit”).[4] This shell encloses the seed (or “kernel”) which is edible in many species (such as almonds) but poisonous in others (such as apricots). Besides being eaten off the hand, most Prunus fruit are also commonly used in processing, such as jam production, canning, drying, and seeds for roasting.[5]